Is One Shot Keto Safe for Heart Patients: Keto Diets & Heart Health
Many celebrities have praised it as a fast method of losing weight. The ketogenic diet may be a bit counterintuitive for good heart health.
It's the low-carb, high-fat type of diet that is rich in meats, eggs, nuts, and dairy. Fruits and root vegetables, grains, products, and legumes are all forbidden.
The consumption is intended to induce the metabolic state known as ketosis, which is when the body uses fat as an alternative energy source. The most common source of energy is the intake of carbohydrates that is transformed into glucose and then absorbed into the bloodstream.
While it is true that the "keto" diet has some critics -- fitness expert Jillian Michaels has slammed the diet in recent months and has delivered positive results for patients who are Susan Ryskamp, M.S., RDN, a dietician at the University of Michigan Frankel Cardiovascular Center.
"It can be very effective in treating and supporting weight loss," Ryskamp claims to note that the act in ketosis "kind of mimics a fasting state in the body."
What does that mean to your heart?
Even a small amount of weight through the keto diet could help lower the risk of heart disease, like hypertension, obesity and, as per the study of 2017, resulting in less LDL ("bad") cholesterol as well as more HDL cholesterol. HDL cholesterol can help to prevent heart disease.
The keto diet may also lower blood sugar levels due to inflammation that damages arteries.
Keto-related information: Keeping track of keto
The typical keto diet plan must consume around 75 percent of calories in fat. Proteins account for 20 percent of calories, and carbohydrates are only 5 percent.
Eliminating low-quality carbs in white bread and soft drinks, for example, is the best option for anyone, Ryskamp says. Sugar and starches increase the risk of being overweight as well as diabetes and heart disease.
Even with the omissions mentioned, the need for vigilance remains.
Dietary ketosis isn't a red signal to consume lots of bacon and butter. These can cause health issues you're trying to fix or prevent.
"Make sure that the fats you are eating are healthy fats and not processed ones," Ryskamp advises. Ryskamp points out that good sources include olive oil that is extra virgin and avocado and salmon (for omega-3 fats), along with nuts and nut butters. "From a cardiovascular standpoint, these are all better."
Healthy, as well, is an ongoing intake of green veggies like celery, broccoli, as well as spinach, kale and kale, all of which are a part of the ketogenic diet.
These foods are important. A study from 2010 of people who eat low-carb diets found that those who concentrated on vegetables as sources of protein and fat had a risk reduction of 23 percent of suffering from heart illness than the people who rely much more on animal products.
Weight gain after keto
But the long-term sustainability of ketonaphtain isn't certain.
Although the short-term effects are well-documented, there are very few studies on whether the keto diet is a secure or effective method to keep weight off for a duration of time.
"Based on the literature, keto diets may be associated with some improvements in cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity and type 2 diabetes, but these effects are usually limited in time," Ryskamp says.
She adds that many people gain pounds they lost after quitting keto.
Studies have shown that cholesterol, weight and blood pressure changes caused by yo-yo eating could raise the chance of having a heart stroke or attack by as much as 40 percent.
According to Ryskamp: "The best diet for an individual is one they can achieve the positive results they desire, such as steady, maintainable weight loss and improvement in biomarkers."
Check with your physician before beginning the keto diet
Whatever their health situation, regardless of their health status, everyone should talk to their physician prior to embarking on the ketogenic diet.
The purpose is to determine if there are any current health issues or concerns which could make this procedure detrimental to their heart or their body.
A small portion of people may experience higher cholesterol levels when they follow a low-carb diet. Therefore, the background of heart-related disease in the family must be taken into consideration.
"It is important to rule out a genetic condition like familial hypercholesterolemia, which is characterized by very high cholesterol levels and a high risk of heart disease," Ryskamp says.
Since kidneys have to eliminate excessive protein, those suffering from kidney issues should steer clear of keto. Patients with liver problems have a higher risk of developing liver problems since the keto diet has higher levels of fats that the body must process.
Beyond that, diet basics should be a part of the conversation, as keto diets can cause specific nutritional deficiencies that are unique to both omnivores and herbivores.
"If you're doing a very low-plant-based diet, you run the risk of not having an adequate intake of some of your phytonutrients and micronutrients," Ryskamp states. "And it would be difficult for a vegetarian to adopt a ketogenic diet without taking some sort of supplement."
It's an excellent idea to inquire about having a check-up with your doctor more often.